CPTV assessed and officially recognized victims referred by first responders and developed a protection and assistance plan for each victim. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. 18 February 2009. Observers reported there were no child-friendly premises for interviews and the majority of social workers did not receive specific training on working with children. Degrading social and economic circumstances contributed to the feminization of poverty in our country, which becomes one of the main causes for the migration of women. Serbia is source, transit, and destination country for children, women, and men trafficked for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, coercion to commit crimes, forced begging and forced marriage. The government financed a television show and a media project on trafficking issues and organized educational and outreach activities, but efforts were on an ad hoc basis. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The government maintained prevention efforts. • Allocate sufficient resources to enable the Center for the Protection of Trafficking Victims to implement victim protection efforts. She was one of the founders of ASTRA, the first anti-trafficking organization in Serbia. The lack of official criteria and standards for NGOs seeking approval to provide victim services created obstacles for NGOs to obtain licenses and for victims to access care. Since 1998, it is estimated that up to 3,000 have been kidnapped, killed and dismembered, after which their organs were harvested and sold on the black markets of Western Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes Moreover, trafficking in children for adoption is also regulated by a separate article (Article 389). Another emerging trend is rise in the share of mentally challenged persons in the total number of identified victims of trafficking. For example, the questionnaire used in the identification process was not adapted to children and children often did not understand the questions. The government increased efforts in victim protection. Trafficking in Serbia. Serbian citizens are equally at risk of all forms of exploitation at home and abroad. Contrary to expectations, they end up in countries of the region or in Western Europe, where they are forced into sexual services. serbia Each of our member countries hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB). As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Serbia, and traffickers exploit victims from Serbia abroad. Before the URC’s opening, an NGO operated the only specialized shelter for female trafficking victims. Serbia is source, transit, and destination country for children, women, and men trafficked for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, coercion to commit crimes, forced begging and forced marriage. Vulnerability and exploitation along the Balkan route: Identifying victims of human trafficking in Serbia. • Provide labor inspectors and market inspectors the resources and training necessary to regulate recruitment agencies and investigate cases of fraudulent recruitment. We see the experience of the majority countries in transition, which brings about changes in traditional family relations, repeated – women become the main breadwinner of the family, while men are being deprived of their “leading” role; it is such family structures where physical violence is on the rise, opposite to a situation where both partners support the family. In March 2004, within the national anti-trafficking mechanism (which part is the National Team for Combating Human Trafficking), the Agency for Coordination of Protection of Victims of Human Trafficking was established under the auspices of the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Policy. (4,9,13,14) Girls, Roma children, and children from low-income families in rural communities, are most vulnerable to child labor, including trafficking in persons. Children, mostly Roma, continued to be trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, forced marriage or forced street begging. Some of the female victims were as young as 12 and 15. According to data available to ASTRA, the most frequent form of human trafficking in Serbia is sexual exploitation, i.e. Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . The results of a research study on domestic violence in Serbia, conducted by the Victimology Society of Serbia, indicate that every other woman in Serbia experiences mental violence in family, every third suffer physical violence and every fourth is threatened by violence. The government finished consolidating the jurisdiction to investigate trafficking under the CPD; in previous years, the border police and Foreigners Office split this responsibility, which hindered investigations because of unclear jurisdiction and the implication that trafficking required a transnational element. The government trained police and prosecutors on anti-trafficking issues and worked with the Slovenian police to provide trainings for financial investigations in trafficking cases. The government established and trained trafficking units in 27 regional police administrations, with at least two officers exclusively investigating trafficking. Civil suits were lengthy, expensive, and required the victim to face the abuser numerous times; only two victims received compensation to date. (“IBSSA-ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING BUREAU SERBIA”), is oriented towards combating various forms of trafficking and any kind of exploitation of people. Signed: 16 May 2005 Ratified: 14 April 2009 Entry into force: 1 August 2009. For 2006 71 victims of human trafficking were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 31 of whom were locals, 22 from Serbia and Montenegro, six from Moldova, four from Ukraine, three from Croatia, two from Bulgaria and one from each of Switzerland, Russia and Romania, Radio-Television of the Republika Srpska (RTRS) reported. Minimum penalty for human trafficking, that is, for trafficking in a minor, as specified in Article 388, Paragraph 3, has been reduced from five to three years in prison, in spite of general upward trend in the number of children – victims of trafficking. CPTV trained 45 professionals from different sectors on trafficking within migrant flows, 98 social workers on victim identification, and 40 volunteers and professionals on trafficking issues; however, CPTV continued to report many relevant ministries did not consider victim protection as a part of their responsibility. Serbia is a poor country with dominant patriarchal values which contributes to the mistreatment of young women in society and the human trafficking is just one of the causes of this problem. • Establish transparent standards and procedures for NGOs to obtain licenses for providing support services. In 2004, the Interior Minister issued an Instruction on conditions for approving temporary residence to foreign citizens victims of human trafficking, according to which a law enforcement authority may approve foreign nationals temporary stay of 3, 6 or 12 months for humanitarian reasons. Most often this includes sexual exploitation, but the number of labor exploitation cases has been growing in recent years. In that context, the average age of children – trafficking victims is significantly lower (around 13) compared with figures from a few years ago. Overview During the breakup of Yugoslavia Serbia was the perpetrator of several human rights violations, most recognizably in Bosnia and Herzegovina. To date, the National Action Plan has not been completed. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe . Recognizing the Signs of Human Trafficking. Experts reported strengthened cooperation with the PPO but noted prosecutors faced difficulties in distinguishing between labor rights violations and forced labor. To mark October 18, RTS2 will screen the movie "Observers" starting at 1:40 pm, which serves to inform children, young people and … During this period, victims were primarily transferred across the territory of Serbia from Bulgaria, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine on their way to Bosnia (and further on to Italy, Spain, France), Kosovo and Metohija and Macedonia (to Greece, Saudi Arabia) and to the countries of Central and Northern Europe. Since possibilities for immigrating abroad legally are limited, advertisements offering jobs to babysitters, waitresses, nurses or dancers seem attractive to many women who want to leave. Observers reported Serbian authorities threatened some victims with prosecution for non-cooperation. Local centers for social work (LCSW) often did not intervene in cases of potential forced begging, and forced labor involving Roma. In all stages of human trafficking, women, children and men are exposed to different forms of abuse and exploitation, by which their basic human rights are violated. Protection of Human Trafficking Victims, among the identified victims of human trafficking during 2012 in Serbia, 77% were persons of female gender. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Publisher. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In December 2006, the Government of Serbia adopted the Anti-Trafficking Strategy, which comprises a series of measures and activities that should be undertaken in order to suppress this problem. This connects their national law enforcement with other countries and with the General Secretariat via our secure global police communications network called I-24/7. A general upward trend in the number of boys and men in the total number of identified trafficking victims was observed in last three years. From Human Trafficking to Human Rights: Reframing Contemporary Slavery. Human traffickers are increasingly using Timisoara, a city of 300,000 people in western Romania, as an anchor point for smuggling migrants towards Western Europe, according to German newspaper, Welt am Sonntag. First responders referred 193 potential victims (142 in 2017) to the government’s Center for Protection of Trafficking Victims (CPTV); law enforcement referred 89 (44 in 2017), social welfare organizations referred 45 (57 in 2017), other government entities referred 21, and 38 were referred by civil society or other means (41 in 2017). Traffickers exploit Serbian women in sex trafficking in Serbia, in neighboring countries, and throughout Europe, particularly Austria, Germany, Italy, and Turkey. 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