Here are 10 interesting facts about the causes, outcome, effects and history of this historic ancient Greek war. Indeed, this is at the core of Diodorus’ account of the causes of the Peloponnesian War (12.38–41), the main source for which, Diodorus tells us, was the fourth-century historian Ephorus of Cyme (FGH 70 F 196). The Peloponnesian War: Causes of the Conflict Importance of the Peloponnesian War. The war lasted 27 years, with a 6-year truce in the middle, and ended with Athens' surrender in 404 BC. , The Athenians were extremely confident, and they knew that as long as they had their navy and their ‘Long Walls’ that they could not be defeated even if they could not beat Sparta and her allies on the battlefield. Athens controlled Greece's coastal areas and the Greek islands, while Sparta, a land power, could control the Peloponnese. Increasingly, the Spartans became very nervous about the growing naval and commercial power of Athens. Ultius, Inc. "Causes Of the Peloponnesian War." Athens and the Delian League. One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia's influence. If we look at F 196, the fragment on the causes of the Peloponnesian War, we can perhaps understand why. In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens were the two major powers in Greece and it was perhaps inevitable that their spheres of influence would overlap and cause conflict. Write. How did Athens's growing power threaten Sparta? The roots of the peloponessian war can be traced back to many specific instances but on the most part three main elements caused its rise; Sparta’s anger at Athenian aid to Spartan enemies, Spartan fear of Athenian power, and the hostility and mistrust caused by … You read that right—We're giving away free scholarship money! People’s first loyalty was often to their Polis or local city. The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce. The First Peloponnesian War (460–445 BC) was fought between Sparta as the leaders of the Peloponnesian League and Sparta's other allies, most notably Thebes, and the Delian League led by Athens with support from Argos.This war consisted of a series of conflicts and minor wars, such as the Second Sacred War.There were several causes for the war including the building of … Causes of the War - The Affair of Epidamnus - The Affair of Potidaea CHAPTER III. Hi, I'm writing an essay on the causes of the Peloponessian war, but I'm having some difficulty finding good info. The denial of offers turned out to be a major mistake to the Corinthians. In Athens, the democratic system survived. After the war was over, Corcyraean fleets started to badger Corinthian cities and their allies by starting fires and disposing waste on their land. After the Spartan rejection of Cimon’s troops it could scarcely have been avoided. The fundamental cause that these incidental events gave fuel to, was the fear that the Spartans had developed of the Athenians and Athens’ increasing … Causes of Peloponnesian War. Ultius | Custom Writing and Editing Services. Thucydides explains the next contributing factors for the cause of the Peloponnesian War was the dispute over the Corcyraeans. The causes of the Peloponnesian War stretch back for decades. Written by GreekBoston.com in Ancient Greek History Comments Off on Causes of the Peloponnesian War. Get your existing paper edited (improved) by a seasoned professional. Who was Theseus the great Athenian king and hero? Certainly it was Athens’ control of trade and, more specifically, the exclusion of Megara from the Athenian agora and the harbours of the Empire which gave the Peloponnesians an excuse for war. Coastal city state settled by Corcyra, disputed over by Corinth. Athens had also been turned into a formidable stronghold when the city constructed the ‘Long Walls.’ These walls connected the city with its port, Piraeus, allowed the city to supply itself, and made any siege of the city unlikely to succeed.. Corinth and other members of the Peloponnesian League were unhappy about Sparta’s lack of leadership. This war broke out because of a series of incidents, which were mentioned, in the previous paragraph. The dispute over Corcyra was a result of the dispute of the Epidamnus and leads to the dispute of the Potidaea. The Corinthians were not backing down, following the war against the Corcyraeans, Corinthians spent time and money building new ships and trained rowers from the Peloponnese to fight against Corcyra. Our next winner will receive over $500 in funds. The treaty was no longer reason not to wage war since Corinthians felt that the Athenians broke that trust. The third cause of the Peloponnesian War was likely due to Sparta's rebellion. What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War? Dispute over Corcyra. Two kings from two royal families ostensibly ruled it. Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens, the crippling... Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War. Essay about The Peloponnesian War 2329 Words | 10 Pages. Click here for more help with CMS citations. The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. Annoyed and frustrated with Corcyra despicable actions, Corinthians put up an army and went after the allies of Corcyra. The dispute over Corcyra was a result of the dispute of the Epidamnus and leads to the dispute of the Potidaea. Historian Donald Kagan has been studying the causes of the Peloponnesian War for decades. 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